[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/bbcode.php on line 122: include(/home/shoeb/public_html/www.matholympiad.org.bd/forum/includes/phpbb-latex.php) [function.include]: failed to open stream: No such file or directory
[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/bbcode.php on line 122: include() [function.include]: Failed opening '/home/shoeb/public_html/www.matholympiad.org.bd/forum/includes/phpbb-latex.php' for inclusion (include_path='.:/opt/php53/lib/php')
[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/bbcode.php on line 122: include(/home/shoeb/public_html/www.matholympiad.org.bd/forum/includes/phpbb-latex.php) [function.include]: failed to open stream: No such file or directory
[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/bbcode.php on line 122: include() [function.include]: Failed opening '/home/shoeb/public_html/www.matholympiad.org.bd/forum/includes/phpbb-latex.php' for inclusion (include_path='.:/opt/php53/lib/php')
[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/bbcode.php on line 122: include(/home/shoeb/public_html/www.matholympiad.org.bd/forum/includes/phpbb-latex.php) [function.include]: failed to open stream: No such file or directory
[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/bbcode.php on line 122: include() [function.include]: Failed opening '/home/shoeb/public_html/www.matholympiad.org.bd/forum/includes/phpbb-latex.php' for inclusion (include_path='.:/opt/php53/lib/php')
[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/session.php on line 1042: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at [ROOT]/includes/functions.php:3887)
[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/functions.php on line 4786: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at [ROOT]/includes/functions.php:3887)
[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/functions.php on line 4788: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at [ROOT]/includes/functions.php:3887)
[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/functions.php on line 4789: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at [ROOT]/includes/functions.php:3887)
[phpBB Debug] PHP Warning: in file [ROOT]/includes/functions.php on line 4790: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at [ROOT]/includes/functions.php:3887)
BdMO Online Forum • View topic - ISL 2006 G3

ISL 2006 G3

For discussing Olympiad level Geometry Problems
Facebook Twitter

ISL 2006 G3

Post Number:#1  Unread postby dshasan » Mon May 15, 2017 5:30 pm

let $ABCDE$ be a convex pentagon such that

$\angle BAC =\angle CAD =\angle DAE$ and $\angle ABC =\angle ACD =\angle ADE$.

Diagonals $BD$ and $CE$ meet at $P$. Prove that ray $AP$ bisects $CD$.
The study of mathematics, like the Nile, begins in minuteness but ends in magnificence.

- Charles Caleb Colton
dshasan
 
Posts: 66
Joined: Fri Aug 14, 2015 6:32 pm
Location: Dhaka,Bangladesh

Re: ISL 2006 G3

Post Number:#2  Unread postby dshasan » Mon May 15, 2017 6:02 pm

My solution
Let $BD$ and $CD$ meet $AC$ and $AD$ at $X$ and $Y$ resp.

lets define $\angle ACE = \beta$, $\angle DCE = \alpha$, $\angle BDA = \theta$, $\angle CDB = \gamma$

Now, we can easily get that $\bigtriangleup ABD \cong \bigtriangleup ACE$ and $\bigtriangleup BCD \cong \bigtriangleup CDE$

this gives us that $ABCP$ and $APDE$ is concyclic. So, $\angle CBD = \angle CAM = \alpha$ and $\angle DAM = \gamma$. Now.sine law on $\bigtriangleup CDY$ and $\bigtriangleup CYA$ gives us

$\dfrac{DY}{YA} = \dfrac{\sin \alpha \sin (\alpha + \gamma)}{\sin \beta \sin(\gamma + \theta)}$

Again, sine law on $\bigtriangleup CXB$ and $\bigtriangleup ABX$ gives us

$\dfrac{AX}{XC} = \dfrac{\sin \beta \sin(\gamma + \theta)}{\sin \alpha \sin (\alpha + \gamma)}$

Now, let $AP \cap CD = M$. Ceva's theorem on $\bigtriangleup ACD$ gives us $\dfrac{CM}{MD} = 1$, or,
$CM = MD$ :mrgreen:
The study of mathematics, like the Nile, begins in minuteness but ends in magnificence.

- Charles Caleb Colton
dshasan
 
Posts: 66
Joined: Fri Aug 14, 2015 6:32 pm
Location: Dhaka,Bangladesh

Re: ISL 2006 G3

Post Number:#3  Unread postby Atonu Roy Chowdhury » Sat May 20, 2017 12:45 am

Solution with spiral similarity is easy. Here I'm gonna give a different solu. And I chased some angles and lengths.

$\triangle AED$ and $\triangle ABC$ are similar and so $AC.AD=AB.AE$ which along with $\angle BAD = \angle CAE$ implies $\triangle ABD$ and $\triangle ACE$ are similar and so $ABCP$,$AEDP$ are cyclic. Again trivial angle chasing yields $\angle CAM = \angle PCM$ where $M$ is the intersection point of $AP$ and $CD$ . So, $\triangle CAM$ and $\triangle PCM$ are similar. That implies $CM^2=AM.PM$. Similarly $DM^2=AM.PM$ .
QED
User avatar
Atonu Roy Chowdhury
 
Posts: 40
Joined: Fri Aug 05, 2016 7:57 pm
Location: Chittagong, Bangladesh


Share with your friends: Facebook Twitter

  • Similar topics
    Replies
    Views
    Author

Return to Geometry

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest

cron